Mark Herring Impeachment Inquiry Introduced

Manassas, VA - Today, I have introduced two resolutions in the Virginia House of Delegates directing the two Standing Committees of that body with jurisdiction over such matters to make inquiry into whether certain actions of Virginia Attorney General Mark Herring constitute impeachable offenses under Article IV, Section 17 of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of  Virginia. I take this step reluctantly, fully mindful of the seriousness of this action.  Impeachment is one of the most serious powers conferred upon the House of Delegates.  However, Mr. Herring has ignored all requests to conform his actions to Virginia's Constitution and our statutes, as well as engaging in a series of deliberate acts which force the filing of these resolutions.  

Mr. Herring's duties as Attorney General are set out in Article V, Section 15 of the Constitution of Virginia and  various statutes.  And, as a member of the Virginia State Bar, Mr. Herring is obligated to fulfill the responsibilities of an attorney at law for the Commonwealth of Virginia as set out in the Virginia Rules of Professional Conduct.  He has violated his duties and responsibilities under both.

Mr. Herring has put his own political and personal views ahead of his duties and responsibilities as Attorney General.

He has claimed powers that neither the Constitution nor the laws of Virginia bestow upon the office of Attorney General.

He has failed to carry out the duties the General Assembly has required of him.

He has unilaterally rejected the sovereign will of the people of Virginia as expressed by their approval of an Amendment to the Constitution.

He has asked that all complaints filed against him with the Virginia State Bar be summarily dismissed.

He has not presented a sufficient and meritorious explanation to justify his acts and omissions.

He has disregarded requests from members of the General Assembly to conform his behavior to the law of the Commonwealth.

As a senior member of the Virginia House of Delegates, I have come to the conclusion that Mr. Herring's actions constitute impeachable offenses, committed against the people of Virginia.

These acts and omissions have included the following matters:

  1. As an attorney licensed in the Commonwealth of Virginia, Mr. Herring is obligated to follow the Virginia Code of Professional Conduct in his service to his client, the Commonwealth of Virginia.  He has betrayed those responsibilities by taking legal positions in court at variance with the authorized position of his client.  And he has intentionally engaged in conduct which is prejudicial and damaging to the legal position of the Commonwealth of Virginia in federal court.
  2. As Attorney General, Mr. Herring has no law making authority, and yet has usurped legislative authority to confer tuition benefits upon classes of persons he favors without approval of the General Assembly, and further, he has erroneously directed the State Council of Higher Education to comply with his advice rather than the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
  3. Mr. Herring has publicly announced that he is now using the Office of Attorney General in an effort to invalidate the tax laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia by allowing persons not authorized to file joint tax returns to file such returns, to the financial injury of the Commonwealth.

Based on the violations discussed above, I have filed these resolutions to obtain the judgment of the House of Delegates on whether Mr. Herring’s behavior on these serious matters reaches the level to warrant impeachment.  It is the responsibility of the House of Delegates to investigate this matter, and determine whether, in the opinion of that body, Mr. Herring meets the constitutional standard of "offending against the Commonwealth by malfeasance in office, corruption, neglect of duty, or other high crime or misdemeanor.... "

Accordingly, I have introduced two House Impeachment Inquiry Resolutions (see attached) pursuant to House Resolution 502 (2014 Special Session I) which states that no bill or resolution shall be introduced without unanimous consent except "joint resolutions or resolutions affecting the rules of procedure or schedule of business of the General Assembly or any of its committees."  Since my resolutions affect the schedules of standing committees, they may properly be introduced.


Herring Impeachment InquiryHerring Impeachment Inquiry2Herring Impeachment Inquiry3Herring Impeachment Inquiry4

Delegate Bob Marshall Author of the 2006 voter approved one man, one woman Virginia Constitutional Marriage Amendment Denounces Judge Wright-Allen's Court Decision

MANASSAS, VA -The decision issued by federal district Judge Wright-Allen appropriately issued in the cover of darkness is a syllabus of errors, a compendium of ineptitude, and a farce claiming authority. Legislating through the Courts against the will of the people is lawless disregard for our representative form of government.

Delegate Marshall Receives Courageous Leadership Award

[Award was given in Ken Cuccinelli’s office on July 25, 2012.]

The “Courageous” Leadership Award for the 2012 Virginia General Assembly session for members of the House was presented to Delegate Kathy Byron (R-22nd) for her steadfast courage in supporting her pro-family, pro-life legislation.  In the face of much public pressure and personal attacks, she stood strong on her position. [Del. Byron’s award will be given at a later date due to scheduling.]

The “Courageous” Leadership Award for the 2012 Virginia General Assembly session for members of the Senate was presented to Senators Phillip P. Puckett (D-38th) and Charles J. Colgan (D-29th).  Both of these long-serving members of the Virginia Senate, under much duress, broke rank with their party and voted for positive pro-family, pro-life legislation.  They both deserve special recognition for their steadfastness in standing for their beliefs and standing for life.  [Senator Puckett’s award will be given at a later date due to scheduling.]

The Pastor’s Leadership Award was awarded to Bishop Dr. Joseph D. Henderson, Sr. and the Bragg Family Life Center in Fredericksburg, Virginia.  Bishop Henderson’s leadership contributed greatly to the “changing of the old guard” in the Virginia Senate.  The “changing of the old guard” in the Senate allowed for passage of long delayed pro-family, pro-life, “pro-Virginia” legislation.

The Freshman Legislator of the Virginia General Assembly 2012 Session Award was presented to Senator Bryce E. Reeves of Fredericksburg, Virginia (R-17th).  Bryce Reeves played an active and important role in his leadership of pro-family, pro-life legislation in his first session.

The Virginia Christian Alliance’s Affiliate of the Year Award was presented to No Excuse Ministries and its founder, Mrs. Terry Beatley.  Terry Beatley and her ministries were the force behind the election in Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County that brought back pro-family, pro-life leadership to the Virginia Senate.

The Virginia Christian Alliance is very pleased to present these awards and very grateful for the efforts of each of these ladies and gentlemen for their efforts to promote and protect the families of our Commonwealth.


Virginia Christian Alliance, Chairman, Don Blake (804) 651-1700

Stop Burning Food

BOB MARSHALL APPLAUDS BOB McDONNELL’S REQUEST FOR ETHANOL WAIVERDelegate Sought Governor’s Action Because Drought Is Driving Up Cost of Food and Gasoline

Delegate Bob Marshall, R-Manassas, today (Aug. 30) hailed Gov. Bob McDonnell’s Aug. 27 request that, because of nationwide drought conditions, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency waive the federal mandate to divert a portion of America’s corn crop from food production to make ethanol for gasoline.

“Burning food during a record-breaking nationwide drought is economic and moral folly,” Marshall said, noting that he wrote McDonnell on Aug. 2 urging that the governor seek a waiver allowed under the congressionally required, EPA-administered ethanol from corn fuel mandate. “Diverting food to auto fuel is driving up consumer food and fuel prices, directly harming Virginia’s grain, livestock and poultry farmers, and may worsen runoff fertilizer pollution in the Chesapeake Bay,” Marshall said.

“I applaud Governor McDonnell’s actions, and hope that the EPA will recognize the serious economic harm from continuing EPA’s ethanol mandate which it is imposing on Virginia’s families, farms and small businesses.

“The EPA is seeking public input on the waiver through September 26. I urge Virginians to make their views known to end this wasteful and costly practice in the presence of a record-breaking drought.”

Information about the EPA’s request for comment is available on the Federal Register’s Website at

NOTE to Editors, News Directors and Reporters:

Attached are Marshall’s Aug 2 letter to Gov. McDonnell, and the governor’s Aug. 26 letter to EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson.

Delegate Bob Marshall's contact information: Mobile telephone – (703) 853-4213 Capitol telephone – (804) 698-1013 (during General Assembly sessions) E-mail addresses –

Statement, Delegate Bob Marshall author of Virginia law challenging Obamacare

"No federal money for Obamacare"

Virginia State Delegate Bob Marshall at the US Supreme June, June 28, 2012.

Manassas, VA - "There appears to be no branch of the National Government which can be trusted by citizens.

The Supreme Court claims it can redefine an act of Congress to be a tax even when Congress and the President say it is not. Congress and the President can deceive the American public and never have to go on record to raise taxes again because the Supreme Court will do it for them even though the Constitution says that taxing power lies only with the Congress.

Merely passing a repeal of Obamacare as proposed by Republican Majority Leader Eric Cantor (R-VA) can and will be ignored by Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV).

Therefore, Congressional Republicans’ opposition to Obamacare will be taken seriously by the public only if they vote to defund every part of Obamacare IMMEDIATELY by attaching prohibitions on all thirteen Appropriations bills forbidding the use of any funds to implement any aspect of the misnamed Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act!

Virginia’s own James Madison pointed out that the ‘power over the purse may, in fact, be regarded as the most complete and effectual weapon ... for obtaining a redress of every grievance, and for carrying into effect every just and salutary measure.’ [Federalist Papers, # 58]

A clear determination by Congressional Republicans to cut off Obamacare funding will start the real fight and cannot be ignored by Harry Reid and President Obama.

Promising more appointments of Conservative judges is illusory because the fifth vote supporting Obamacare came from Chief Justice Roberts who was a George Bush appointee.

I applaud Governor Mitt Romney's pledge to repeal Obamacare if he is elected in November. But Republicans in Congress need to act decisively before November if they want rank and file Americans who are concerned over America’s future to work for their re-election.

To repeat, if Republicans in the House of Representatives and Senate want to show Americans they are serious about stopping Obamacare, they must support amendments to each of the thirteen Appropriations bills they will pass this year to fund the federal government prohibiting the use of any funds to implement Obamacare.”

Delegate Bob Marshall can be reached using the following links:

- - 703-853-4213 -


Delegate Bob Marshall on Fox News discussing the VA Healthcare Freedom Act in 2010

Delegate Bob Marshall's Statement on Judicial Appointee Tracy-Thorne Begland

STATEMENT OF: Delegate Bob Marshall (R., Manassas)

SUBJECT: Rejection of Tracy Thorne-Begland’s Judicial Nomination

DATE: Tuesday, May 15, 2012

The Virginia House of Delegates has properly rejected the selection of Tracy Thorne-Begland as a candidate for a judgeship.

A state judge has a critically important role in our state and our society. When we go into court, we must know that the judge who decides our case wants to preserve the rule of law by finding the law in our constitutions, statutes, and prior decisions of the court.  We do not need more judges who want to use their position to remake the law in their own image. We must know that the person who embodies the authority of the Commonwealth in that courtroom has a judicial temperament – is an impartial decision maker. Particularly in District Court, where there is no right to jury trial, we must trust the judge to weigh the evidence impartially and render justice under law.  Under our system, the advocates in that courtroom are the lawyers, but never the judge.

Tracy Thorne-Begland is a nationally known advocate of homosexual rights, working with and leading groups such as the Human Rights Campaign and Equality Virginia, whose life's passion it is to change the law.  He has been quoted as being critical of the judicial system in Virginia for hostility to homosexual rights. There was widespread doubt in the General Assembly as to whether this candidate could swear the oath required of Virginia’s judges to abide by Virginia’s Constitution since he profoundly disagrees with the Virginia Marriage Amendment “that only a union between one man and one woman may be a marriage valid in or recognized by this Commonwealth.”

In 2006, when Virginians overwhelmingly amended our Virginia Constitution to add the Virginia Marriage Amendment defining marriage as a union of one man and one woman, that amendment became the law of the land.  But this applicant does not accept the authority of the people in whom are vested the sole power to amend our Virginia Constitution, as he holds himself out to be married to a person of his own sex.

The House of Delegates vote was a decision that was forced upon the General Assembly when I was unable to persuade my colleagues privately to remove this candidate from the list.  At that point, the public battle became inevitable. I did not seek this battle, but neither did I shrink from it.


Delegate Bob Marshall's contact information: Mobile telephone – (703) 853-4213 Capitol telephone – (804) 698-1013 (during General Assembly sessions) E-mail addresses –

Marshall Seeks to Remove Homosexual Advocate from Judgeship List

General Assembly to Vote MondayLegislator Cites Nominee’s Long History as ‘Aggressive Activist for Pro-Homosexual Agenda’

MANASSAS, May 12 – Delegate Bob Marshall said today that he will seek to remove the name of a homosexual activist from a list of proposed District Court judicial appointments if the name remains on the list when it comes to a vote Monday in the Virginia General Assembly.

The judgeship nominee is Tracy Thorne-Begland, a Richmond attorney identified by Marshall (R., Manassas) as “an aggressive activist for the pro-homosexual agenda.”

“After more than a week of pleading by some Republican Caucus members,” Marshall said, “the House Republican leadership has so far declined to removed Mr. Thorne-Begland’s name from the block of nominees,” Marshall said.  “If this situation remains unchanged, I will offer an amendment to remove his name.”

Marshall questioned whether Thorne-Begland can swear to the oath required of Virginia’s judges in which they pledge to abide by the state’s constitution “if he has already indicated by his past public actions that he does not support its provision ‘that only a union between one man and one woman may be a marriage valid in or recognized by this Commonwealth and its political subdivision.’”

Thorne-Begland lives with a ‘partner” with whom he has a formalized homosexual union, Marshall said, and they have two adopted children.  Thorne-Begland has been active in the national homosexual advocacy group, Human Rights Campaign, and with Equality Virginia, of which he is a former board member.

Marshall pointed out that Thorne-Begland was serving as a Navy aviation lieutenant in 1992 when he went on national television to disclose his homosexuality, then was discharged under the “don’t ask, don’t tell” military regulation on homosexuality then in force.  Thorne-Begland sued the Defense Department, alleging that his right to free speech had been restricted, but he lost the case on appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit in Richmond.

“Mr. Throne-Begland joined the Navy under clear rules on homosexuality that he challenged when he sued the Department of Defense to change DADT,” Marshall said.

“Would Mr. Thorne-Begland also challenge rules that apply to Virginia courts?  Can this candidate swear the required oath to support our state’ constitution if he has already indicated by his past actions that he does not support that section of our constitution barring same-sex legal relationships?

“While our judges and judicial candidates certainly have a right to free speech, they do not have the right to disregard the Virginia constitution”


Delegate Bob Marshall's contact information:

Mobile telephone – (703) 853-4213

Capitol telephone – (804) 698-1013 (during General Assembly sessions)

E-mail addresses – and

HB 1160 Is Now Law, General Assembly O.K’s Bob Marshall’s Anti-Detention Bill

Veteran Legislator Thanks ‘Liberty-Minded Citizens’ for Supporting Measure RICHMOND, April 18 – State Delegate and U.S. Senate Candidate Bob Marshall expressed thanks tonight “to the many liberty-minded citizens across Virginia” for their support of his bill enacted by the Virginia General Assembly today to block agencies and employees of the Commonwealth from taking part in unlimited detention of United States citizens by federal authorities for suspected terrorism.

“With the overwhelming General Assembly acceptance of my bill with several amendments offered by Gov. Bob McDonnell, Virginia is saying “no thanks” to Congress to any participation in the unconstitutional detention of American citizens without trial, legal counsel, specific charges, or the right to face their accusers,” Marshall said.

“This victory would not have been possible without strong grass-roots support for my bill from Virginians of all political backgrounds and persuasions. I thank them for taking the time to write letters, send e-mails and make telephone calls to the governor and General Assembly members. And I am proud of the Assembly’s response.”

The Virginia House of Delegates gave final approval to Marshall’s bill in an 89-7 roll-call vote. The State Senate later passed the measure, 36-1.

Marshall’s bill, HB 1160, prevents Virginia participation in the unlimited detention of United States citizens on the mere suspicion of their participation in terrorist activities or affiliations. Such detentions are authorized by an obscure section of the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act signed into law by President Obama in late December.

Virginia is the first state to pass a law placing a legal bar between all state agencies and any federal effort to use Section 1021 of the 2012 NDAA to suspend centuries-old habeas corpus rights.

“I hope Virginia’s enactment of HB 1160 will serve as a model for other state legislatures, encouraging them to adopt similar statutes. States simply must have a significant role and duty in resisting the federal government’s overreach.

“In the words of an editorial in today’s Richmond Times Dispatch supporting HB 1160, ‘Congress and the President should be made aware that their contempt for fundamental constitutional rights does not sit well with the American public.’”


CONTACT: State Delegate Bob Marshall, (703) - 853-4213 mobile telephone

Marshall Sends McDonnell Memo on why he should sign HB1160

Document Analyzes Federal Law’s Unconstitutionality in Unlimited Detention of Citizens MANASSAS, April 4 – Delegate Bob Marshall today sent Gov. Bob McDonnell an 11-page memorandum analyzing legal aspects of his HB 1160 and detailing reasons why McDonnell should sign the bill into law.

Marshall’s HB 1160 would prevent agencies and employees at all levels of Virginia’s state and local governments from assisting federal authorities in the unlimited detention of United States citizens without charges or court hearing merely on suspicion of involvement in terrorist activities.

Obscure sections of the National Defense Authorization Act of 2012 (NDAA), signed into law by President Obama in late December, permits such unlimited detentions by United States military forces and federal law enforcement agencies.

Marshall contends that the NDAA authority deprives United States citizens of their rights under the United States and Virginia constitutions.

HB 1160 was passed by overwhelming bipartisan majorities in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly and is on McDonnell’s desk awaiting his signature. The governor is reported to have reservations about the bill.

The extensive memorandum was prepared for Marshall by attorney Herbert W. Titus, a former law school professor. Currently, Titus is “of counsel” with the Vienna, Va., law firm of William J. Olson, former chairman of the Fairfax County Republican Party. Olson’s firm specializes in constitutional law.

The Titus memorandum notes that “a potential additional complication” is that McDonnell, by Obama appointment, serves on a bipartisan Council of Governors (COG) formed in 2010 to assist federal authorities “on matters related to the National Guard and civil support missions.” COG’s duties include sharing information and advice relating to “homeland defense” and “synchronization and integration of State and Federal military activities within the United States.”

“Since the governor’s oath includes upholding the Constitutions of both the United States and the Commonwealth,” Titus wrote in his memorandum, “and since both documents secure to the people the rights to a speedy and public trial, confrontation of witnesses, jury trial, and due process of law, it seems reasonable to expect that the governor will sign H.B. 1160. In so doing, he would fulfill the historic role of the States as being guardians of the people from usurpations of authority from the central government.”

The memorandum contends McDonnell “certainly has the authority to make his own assessment of the federal statute’s constitutionality now, without having to wait for a judicial decision after some person is denied the very rights that the constitution was designed to protect.”

“Thus,” the memorandum concludes, “it would appear that the only reason why the governor reasonably would veto H.B. 1160 would be that he believes that NDAA is constitutional – and we certainly trust that is not the case.”


NOTE: The complete Titus memorandum is attached. Download here.

CONTACT: Bob Marshall, (703) 853-4213 – mobile telephone Capitol telephone – (804) 698-1013 (during General Assembly sessions)

Marshall Hails Final Passage of his bill against Illegal Detention

Senate Votes 37-1 Legislator Urges Gov. McDonnell to Sign HB 1160 into Law as Part of the Code of Virginia

RICHMOND, March 8 – Delegate Bob Marshall today praised the Virginia State Senate for passing his HB 1160 to prevent Virginia’s government agencies and employees from having to take part in illegal and indefinite federal detention of United States citizens.

The action completes the Virginia General Assembly’s consideration of the legislation. Marshall (R., Manassas) urged Gov. Bob McDonnell to sign the bill into law.

“I extend heartfelt thanks to the thousands of concerned citizens who communicated with members of the Senate and the House of Delegates over the last several weeks, urging adoption of this important measure against federal violation of our precious constitutional rights,” Marshall said.

“By overwhelming votes, members of both houses of the Virginia General Assembly now have expressed themselves in their unmistakable understanding of the inviolate protections of our civil rights under the constitutions of the United States and Virginia.

“I urge Gov. McDonnell to acknowledge this outpouring of grass-roots and legislative support of HB 1160, and I urge him to add his signature to this vital protection of our sacred liberties as citizens of Virginia and the nation.”

After days of adverse legislative maneuvering triggered by unspecified reports that McDonnell “had concerns” about HB 1160, the Senate voted 37-1 to accept the bill as it was originally passed by the House on Feb. 4 by a 96-4 vote.

With today’s vote, the Senate turned away from its own version of the legislation, which contained a clarifying amendment accepted by Marshall and adopted Feb. 28 by a 38-1 vote. That amendment, however, marked the beginning of behind-the-scenes manipulation intended to scuttle HB 1160.

“Beyond doubt, the letters, telephone calls and e-mail messages in support of my bill are what carried the day,” Marshall said. “These good folks did not give up in the face of adversity, and they prevailed. Now I hope they will carry this fight further by entreating Gov. McDonnell to complete the process and sign the bill into law.”


A statement by Delegate Marshall is attached.

NOTE: Virginia Legislative Information Service description of HB 1160 Unlawful detention of United States citizens.  Prevents any agency, political subdivision, employee, or member of the military of Virginia from assisting an agency of the armed forces of the United States in the conduct of the investigation, prosecution, or detention of a United States citizen in violation of the United States Constitution, Constitution of Virginia, or any Virginia law or regulation.

Delegate Bob Marshall's contact information: Mobile telephone – (703) 853-4213 Capitol telephone – (804) 698-1013 (during General Assembly sessions)

STATEMENT OF: Delegate Bob Marshall

SUBJECT: Passage of HB 1160, Unlawful detention of United States citizens

DATE: Thursday, March 8, 2012

Today, the Virginia State Senate nearly unanimously passed my bill, HB 1160, to prevent Virginia’s state and local government agencies from cooperating with the federal government in the indefinite detention of Virginians under the National Defense Authorization Act of 2012 (“NDAA”). The vote in the Senate to accede to the bill as passed by the House of Delegates was 37-1. The bill now will be presented to Governor Robert McDonnell. I want to express my deepest appreciation to all those who worked so hard to get this bill through the General Assembly. Congress, by including this provision in a must pass bill affecting our Armed Forces, made a terrible mistake in empowering this or any future President and the military to arrest and detain American citizens indefinitely, without charges, without the chance to confront their accusers, without legal counsel, and without a trial. These provisions were inserted at the last minute into a 900-plus page bill that Congress had to pass to defend our nation, and many in Congress who originally voted for the bill disagreed with these provisions. I am honored to have played a part in having the Virginia General Assembly now go on record in defense of the civil liberties of our people, standing against this unconstitutional provision of the NDAA. The writ of Habeas Corpus in our Constitution (Article 1, Section 9) is what separates America from dictatorships around the world. Giving anyone the unfettered power to “detain” American citizens without trial, counsel, specific charges, or a public record of such proceedings is unwise, imprudent and at fundamental odds with the assumptions of our government and legal traditions. The next order of business is for Governor McDonnell to sign this bill, and I respectfully call on him to do so, joining the General Assembly in protecting Virginians against unbridled exercise of federal power to detain American citizens. Efforts were made to kill this fore various reasons but, in fact, opposition to HB 1160 necessarily relies on an embrace of strong centralized Government with power which knows no practical limits. No President — no matter who they may be — not the military, no one, should be entrusted with the totalitarian powers encompassed in NDAA. In refusing to cooperate with NDAA, the Virginia General Assembly is performing its historic role as explained by Alexander Hamilton in Federalist 26 as ‘not only vigilant but suspicious and jealous guardians of the rights of the citizens, against encroachments from the Federal government [who] will constantly have their attention awake to the conduct of the national rules and will be ready enough, if anything improper appears, to sound the alarm to the people and not only to be the VOICE but, if necessary, the ARM of their discontent. In Congress, both Virginia Senators and a majority of the House delegation opposed these detention provisions in NDAA. I ask Virginia’s representatives in Congress to take the lead in repealing this unconstitutional law. On the Senate side, this never would have happened without the leadership of Senator Chap Petersen (D-Fairfax), and the forceful advocacy of Senator Dick Black (R-Loudoun), and Senator Donald McEachin (D-Richmond). On the House side, I particularly want to thank Delegate David Albo (R-Fairfax) for his unwavering support, and Delegate Mark Keam (D., Fairfax) for his assistance and support. As my friend Chap Petersen said, “I just think sometimes that the right wing and the left wing get to come together on an issue of civil liberties, and I think this is a good example of that,” and “HB1160 is something everyone could get behind. In addition, I want to thank a broad spectrum of civil liberties minded groups who helped greatly to explain this issue to Virginians and to correct some of the disinformation spread about the bill. These include groups from the Virginia American Civil Liberties Union on one end to Gun Owners of America, Campaign for Liberty, Downsize, the Tenth Amendment Center, National Association for Gun Rights, Virginia Libertarians, many TEA Party groups across the Commonwealth, and many others.” The final language of the bill as passed by the House of Delegates, and as acceded to by the Senate, is as follows: “Notwithstanding any contrary provision of law, no agency of the Commonwealth as defined in § 8.01-385 of the Code of Virginia, political subdivision of the Commonwealth as defined in § 8.01-385 of the Code of Virginia, employee of either acting in his official capacity, or any member of the Virginia National Guard or Virginia Defense Force, when such a member is serving in the Virginia National Guard or the Virginia Defense Force on official state duty, may engage in any activity that aids an agency of or the armed forces of the United States in the execution of 50 U.S.C. 1541 as provided by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (P.L. 112-18, § 1021) in the investigation, prosecution, or detainment of any citizen of the United States in violation of Article I, Section 8 or 11 of the Constitution of Virginia.

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